Dragon Kiln In Singapore

A traditional wood kiln built with bricks and clay by Chinese migrants in 1940. The purpose of the kiln is to fire clay work to the desired temperature. The beauty of the dragon kiln is the ashes deposited itself on the artwork, reacting with the fire, clay, and glazes - give a rustic & unique effect. This effect can't be achieved in other forms of firing (Electrical or gas). 
In Singapore, there is only one surviving dragon kiln - Thow Kwang Dragon Kiln. Owned by the Tan family since 1965, keeping the fire alive since then. Dragon kiln firing is a labor-intensive task and it also requires long hours of feeding woods into the kiln and monitoring the temperature from time to time. The kiln is left to cool down for a week before unloading. The outcome of the artwork is unpredictable - hence unloading the kiln can be very exciting!

Wood Firing effects


Traditional kiln has more than 1000 years of history. and are first introduced by migrants from China. It is built with bricks & act like an oven to heat up the clay work. The traditional wood firing method is used to heat up the kiln to 1260 °C. Manual labour is needed to fire the kiln for up to 24-30 hours. The kiln is then left to cool down before unloading.

The magic of a wood kiln happens when pots are engulfed in a river of fire, ashes react with the glaze to produce unpredictable colours and textures. This process produces unique pieces that has a blush of flame that cannot be found through firing by gas and electric kilns

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Electrical Firing

The electrical kiln is a heating chamber runs by electricity. The outcome of the products in the electrical kiln are controlled and consistent. Temperature is set in the kiln system and it runs accordingly per hour, not much manual labour is required.